Central College

Course: Music 348A

Tues 11:00 - 11:50 am

Spring 2000

Instructor: Dr. Hsien-Liang Lien

Studio: Room 220

Class Room: Rehearsal Room

Music Office: (515) 628-5236

Home phone: (319) 337-7422(O)

E-mail: freeport6604@yahoo.com.tw

Course Description:

This course is designed for college students who might teach beginning cello and double bass in elementary schools. Students will learn basic technique of playing and pedagogical strategy in teaching the instruments.

Course Requirements:

Two book reports: Three-page book reports will be due on Feb. 15, Mar. 7. Reports must be typed in regular font style, size 12 and double-space.

Performance exams will be held on March 14 and May 9.

Final presentation will be held on May 16.

Quiz: TBA

Required Text:

Lamb, N. and S. L. Cook (787. 07 La 5 9 6th ed.) Guide to Teaching Strings. 6th edition. Brown & Benchmark Publishers, 1994.

Suggested Materials:

Allen, M., Gillespie, R & Hayes, P. T. Essential Elements for Strings. Cello, Book 1 & 2

Double Bass, Book 1 & 2. Hal Leonard Corporation. 1995.

Suzuki Cello School. Vol. 1 & 2. Summy-Birchard Music.

George Vance Repertoire for Double Bass. Book 1 & 2. Slava Publishing.

Grades are based on attendance (10%), quiz (20%), book report (30%), playing exam (20%), and final presentation (20%).

Course Syllabus:

Jan 25
Introduction. Reading Assignment: Lamb, Chapter 1-3, pp. 3-41

Feb 1
Fundamentals: Holding the cello and the bow. Reading Assignment: Lamb, Chapter 4-5, pp.43-52; Chapter 9-10, pp. 105-124

Feb 8
Pizzicato and left-hand technique in first position: Twinkle. Reading Assignment: Lamb, Chapter 6, pp. 55-79

Feb 15
First book report due (The Alexander Technique). Left hand technique: Twinkle - Go Tell Aunt Rhody. Reading Assignment: L. Mozart, Chapter IV, pp. 73-95

Feb 22
Basic bow strokes: detache and staccato, Twinkle Variations. Reading Assignment: Epperson, pp. 16-19. Galamian, Chapter IV & Conclusion, pp. 93-108. Potter, p. 9

Feb 29
String Crossing: O Come Little Children - Long Long Ago

Mar 7
Second book report due (the Suzuki Method). Complete Suzuki Book 1. Reading Assignment: Mantel, "The Bowed String" pp. 115-141.

Mar 14
Mid-term: Individual playing exam (repertoire TBA)

Mar 21
Spring Break

Mar 28
Extension & Shifting: Suzuki Book 2, Long Long Ago - Mussette. Reading Assignment: Potter, Chapter 21, pp. 114-117. Galamian: "Vibrato' pp. 37-43. Mantel, Chapter VII, pp. 97-112.

Apr 4
Extension, Shifting: Book 2 continues. Reading assignment: Potter, Chapter 20, pp. 108-113. Young, Chapter 13, pp. 92-96.

Apr 11
Third book report due. Double Bass: Holding the instrument and the bow Reading Assignment: Lamb, pp. 117-124.

Apr 18
First position: Essential Elements, Double Bass, Book 1, pp. 4 - 21

Apr 25
Bibliography for the final presentation due. Essential Elements, Book 1, pp. 22 - 33

May 2
Essential Elements, Book 1, pp. 34 - 48

May 9
Individual playing exam

May 16
Final Presentation. Turn in the outline of the presentation.

Reference Books:

Barzun, Jacques & Graff, Henry F. The Modern Researcher: The Classic Work on Research and Writing Completely Revised and Brought Up to Date. 5th edition. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1992.

Randel, Don Michael. The New Harvard Dictionary of Music. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1986.

Sadie, Stanley, ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Vol.1-20. Macmillan Publishers Limited, London. 1980.

Books on Reserve in the Geisler Library:


Alexander Technique:

Alcantara, Pedro de (615.82 Alz,i). Indirect Procedures: a musician's guide to the Alexander Technique. Oxford, New York, Clarendon Press, 1997.

Barker, Sarah (613.71 B 7 a). The Alexander Technique: the revolutionary way to use your body for total energy. New York: Bantam Books, 1978.

Jones, F. P. (613.7 Jo5,b). Body Awareness in Action: a study of the Alexander Technique. New York, Schocken Books, 1976.


Suzuki Method:

Mills, Elisabeth & Murphy, T. Cecile (787.107 Su 9 c). The Suzuki Concept: An Introduction to a Successful Method for Early Music Education. Diablo Press, 1973.

Wilson, Charlene (787. 307 Wi 5 t). Teaching Suzuki Cello: A Manual for Teachers and Parents. Diablo Press, Berkerley, CA 94707, 1984.

The Best of Suzuki World: The Magazine of Talent Education (787 Be 7,s). Ability Development Association, Inc.1990.


Stringed Instruments & String Class Teaching:

Carabo-Cone (787. 01 Ca 7). Concepts for Strings: Violin, Viola, Cello. The Carabo- Cone Foundation, Scarsdale, N. Y. 1966, 1967.

Cook, Clifford A. (787. 007 Co 6 s). String Teaching and Some Related Topics. American String Teachers Association, 1957.

Dillon, Jacquelyn A. & Kriechbaum, C. B. Jr. (787. 01 Di 5 h). How to Design and Teach a Successful School String and Orchestra Program. Kjos West / Neil A. Kjos, Jr. Publishers. San Diego, 1978.

Galamian, Ivan (787.107 Ga 5 P). Principles of Violin Playing & Teaching. 2nd edition. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ. 1985.

Giltay, J. W. (787. 1 Gi 5 7). Bow Instruments: Their Form and Construction. William Reeves Bookseller Ltd., London.

Green, Elisabeth (787. 107 Gr 3 o). Orchestral Bowings. 2nd edition. Campus Publishers, Ann Arbor, MI. 1957.

Green, Elisabeth (787. 107 Gr 3 t). Teaching Stringed Instruments in Classes. Prentice-Hall, NJ 1966.

Grodner, Murray (787. 01 Co 5). Concepts in String Playing: Reflections by Artist- Teachers at Indiana University School of Music. Indiana University Press, 1979.

Havas, Kato & Landsman, J. (787. 01 Ha 8 f). Freedom to Play: A String Class Teaching Method. ABI / Alexander Broude, Inc. 1981.

Henkle, Ted (787. 01 He 5). The String Teacher's Handbook. Carl Fischer. Hill, W. H., Hill, A. H. & Hill, A. E. (787. 12. Hi). Antonio Stradivari: His Life and Work (1644-1737). Dover Publications, Inc. New York. 1963.

Kolneder, Walter (787. 1 Ko 5 a). The Amadeus Book of the Violin: Construction, History, and Music. Amadeus Press. 1972, 1993.

Kuhn, Wolfgand, ed. (787. Ku 4). Principles of String Class Teaching. Wolfgand Kuhn Ed. D Belwin, Inc. 1957.

Matesky & Rush (787 Ma pt. 1, 2). Playing and Teaching Stringed Instruments. Part I, II. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, N. J. 1963.

Menuhin, Yehudi (787. 1 Me 5 vi). The Violin. Flammarion, Paris, 1996.

Mozart, Leopold (787.1 Mo t 1985). A Treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing. Oxford University Press, 1756, 1948, 1985.

Rolland, Paul (787. 107 Ro 5 b). Basic Principles of Violin Playing. American String Teachers Association. 1979.

Seagrave, B. G. & Berman, J. (787. 01 Se 1 a). Dictionary of Bowing Terms for Strings Instruments. American String Teachers Association. 1976.

Stowell, Robin, ed. (787. 1 Ca 5 c). The Cambridge Companion to the Violin. Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Young, Phyllis (787.01 Yo 8 p). Playing the String Game: Strategies for Teaching Cello and Strings. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1978.

Zurfluh, John D., Sr. ed. (787, 012 Am 3, a). Stringed Instruments Repair and Maintenamce Manual. American String Teachers Association, 1978.


Cello Technique & Teaching:

Cowling, E. (787. 3 Co 8 c) The Cello. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1975.

Epperson, Gordon (787.307 Ep 6 a). The Art of Cello Teaching. American String Teachers Association, 1980.

Kenneson, Claude (787. 307. Ke 5 c). A Cellist's Guide To the New Approach. An Exposition-University Book. Exposition Press, New York, 1974.

Mantel, Gerhard (787.307 Ma 5 c). Cello Technique: Principles & Forms of Movement. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana, 1972.

Potter, Louis (787. 3 Po 7). The Art of Cello Playing. Summy-Birchard Music, 1980.

Smith, G. Jean (787.3 Sm 4 c). Cellist's Guide to the Core Technique. Second edition. American String Teachers Association, 1993.



Campbell, Margaret (787.4 Ca 5 g). The Great Cellists. Trafalgar Square Publishing. North Pomfret, Vermont, 1989.

Wilson, Elisabeth (787.4 Du 6 wi). Jacqueline du Pre: Her life, her music, her legend. Arcade Publishing. New York, 1998.


Double bass:

Elgar, Raymond (787. 41 EL). Introduction To the Double Bass. Published by the author, Sussex, England, 1960.

Portnoi, Henry (787. 41 Po 7). Creative Bass Technique. American String Teachers Association, 1978.

Turetzky, Bertram (787. 41 Tu 7, C). The Contemporary Contrabass. New and Revised edition. University of California Press. Berkerley, CA. 1989.



Crum, Alison & Jackson, Sonja (787 Cr 8 P). Playing the Viol: The Complete Guide to Playing the Treble, Tenor, and Bass Viol. Oxford University Press, 1989.

Woodfield, Ian (787. 42 Wo 6 e). The Early History of the Viol. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1984.

Suzuki Method

Cello & Double Bass Methods

Dr. Hsien-Liang Lien


1. Emphasis on Motivation

2. Emphasis on Listening

3. Cooperation of the parent in the student's learning process

4. Learning through imitation

5. Learning without the reading of notes in the first stages of training

6. Performance from memory with additional emphasis on special sight-reading material

7. Constant review of previously learned repertoire

8. Use of games

9. Perfection of one piece before starting a new one

10. Learning the repertoire in the order presented in the method without any omissions

11. Learning an excellent repertoire

12. Learning technique through the repertoire

13. Individuality

14. Learning at each student's own rate of development with emphasis on patience, praise, and constructive, positive corrections with much repetition

15. Emphasis on slow practice and final performance in correct tempo

16. Emphasis on constant performance

17. Use of an organized instructional system that incorporates semiprivate lessons, group lessons, parent meetings, and recitals

18. Use of instruments of varying size

19. Use of qualified instructors

20. Graduation system

Landers, Ray The Talent Education School of Shinichi Suzuki - An Analysis: The Application of Its Philosophy and Methods to All Areas of Instruction. Daniel Press, Princeton, NJ. 1987. Chapter 3 "The Talent Education Method of Instruction" pp. 12-24.

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Dr. Hsien-Liang Lien's Resume

Dr. Hsien-Liang Lien's Library

Album of Dr. Hsien-Liang Lien's Students